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Furthermore, the nature of the crime itself must be considered.Many professionals have offered explanations for this sex difference in crimes.
assessed Gottfredson and Hirschi's (1990) "general theory of crime," which stated that individuals with lower levels of self-control are more likely to be involved in criminal behavior, in a gender-sensitive context.
The purpose of their study was to account for the gender gap in crime rates.
By using a self-reporting questionnaire, Burton et al.
(1998) retrieved data from 555 individuals aged eighteen and older in the Cincinnati, Ohio, area.
Sex differences in crime are differences between men and women as the perpetrators and/or victims of crime.
Such studies may belong to fields such as criminology (the scientific study of criminal behavior) or sociobiology (which attempts to demonstrate a causal relationship between biological factors, in this case sex, and human behaviors), etc.Despite the difficulty of interpreting them, crime statistics may provide a way to investigate such a relationship from a gender differences perspective.An observable difference in crime rates between men and women might be due to social and cultural factors, crimes going unreported, or to biological factors (as sociobiological theories claim).Early results from the study indicated that low self-control was highly positively correlated to criminal behavior in both genders, but was especially significant for males.For females, the relationship became significant when opportunity was introduced and considered with level of self-control.Opportunity was not a significant indicator of male criminal behavior, which the authors attribute to the assumption that opportunity for criminal behavior is "ubiquitous," or readily available, for men.